Frequently Asked Questions


How many individual ponds have been implemented and water area covered till date?

6518 nos i.e. 5618 nos through state livelihood programme (SPA) and 900 nos through value chain. Water area covered comes to 651.8 hectares.

What is the unit cost, Government assistance, etc for individual ponds?

Unit cost for a pond of 0.1ha is Rs. 90,399/, and out of which Government assistance is Rs. 54,000/, Bank loan Rs. 22,500/, and own contribution Rs. 13,899/.

When will fish production from these assisted ponds commenced, and what is the target/anticipated production?

Production will commence from 2014 onwards and the targeted production @ 3000kg/ha is 1,955,400 kg i.e. 1955.4 tonnes.

What varieties of fish will be available?

Indian Major Carps (IMC), Exotic Carps and Labeo gonius in certain cases.

What is the present status in respect of the community ponds?

Advertisement for the scheme is completed; Field Verification of the applicants is being conducted by the District Officers. The feasible one will be placed in the District Aquaculture Mission Committee, (DAMC) for recommendation.

What is the unit cost, Government assistance etc for community ponds?

The unit cost is Rs. 5 lakhs for a pond of 1 ha water area. Out of which 60% Government subsidy and 40 % will be Community’s contribution in terms of labour during construction of the pond etc.

What actions have been taken to reclaim bheel/swampy areas to enhance fish production?

Presently the Aqua Mission is concentrating on Area Expansion through the creation of the individual ponds, Community Ponds. Reclamation of Bheels/Swampy Areas are being identified by the District Officers and based on their findings actions will be taken accordingly.

What steps has the Govt. taken to address the problem of shortage of fish seeds in the state?

Shortage of quality fish seeds will be met through the establishment of Chinese Eco-Circular Hatcheries, Fibre Reinforced Plastic (FRP) hatcheries, in the private sectors. Besides, existing Departmental Fish Farms will be upgraded to supplement the demand.

How many Chinese Eco-Circular Hatcheries have been established so far?

5 (Five) Fish Seed Hatcheries have been taken up during 2011-12 and another 9 (nine) will be implemented this year.

What is unit cost, Govt. assistance for establishment of Eco-Hatcheries?

Unit Cost is Rs. 16 lakhs which include construction of hatcheries, renovation of Nurseries, Rearing tanks, Stocking tanks, etc. Out of which 60% is Govt. assistance, 25% Bank loan and 15% beneficiary’s contribution.

What is the target Fish Seed Production from each Hatchery?

24 lakhs fingerlings annually.

Has any training been imparted to the entrepreneurs under hatcheries?

Yes. The 5 (Five) entrepreneurs (2011-12) have been trained at CIFA, Kalyani West Bengal and for this year another 6 (six) entrepreneurs will be sent to CIFA, Bhubaneswar for training during the month of July 2013.

What is the difference between the Chinese Eco-Hatcheries & FRP?

The purpose is the same. The only difference is that Chinese Eco-Hatchery is a permanent structure while FRP is portable, which can be shifted from one place to another.

What is the fish feed production for each FRP?

10 lakhs fingerlings annually

How many FRPs have been established till date?

14 (fourteen) units will be established during the current year.

What type of fishes will be produced through these Eco-Hatcheries and FRPs?

Indian Major Carps (IMCs) i.e. Catla, rohu and mrigal and Exotic Carps i.e. silver carps, grass carps and common carps and minor carps.

Has any Training been imparted to the Entrepreneurs for operation of FRP?

Training to the 14 (fourteen) entrepreneurs will be conducted at Meghalaya State Fisheries Research & Training Institute (MSFRTI), Mawpun Ri-Bhoi District, during the month of July 2013.

From where can interested Fish Farmers procure the FRP?

FRP can be arranged by Central Institute of Fresh Water Aquaculture, CIFA, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751002.

What steps does the Department has taken to address the issue of Fish Feed in the state?

3 (three) Fish Feed Mills will be established i.e. 1 (one) each at EKH, RBD, and WGH during the current year. The other remaining District will be covered next year depending on the demand.

How many Fish Sanctuaries will be established in the state this year?

54 (fifty four) nos.

How Fish Sanctuaries are identified?

Identification of the potential areas in the rivers, Streams etc. for establishment of Fish Sanctuaries are identified by the respective Superintendent of Fisheries, Sub-Divisional Fishery Officers based on the Criteria specified in Technical Manual formulated by the Department.

What is the Investment for creation of each Sanctuary?

Rs. 5 lakhs is budgeted for each sanctuary. This amount includes minor civil works and other Fishery Oriented activities.

Who are the authorities to manage the sanctuaries?

The authorities to manage the sanctuaries will be identified by the Department which would include Communities, NGOs, SHGs, Fishing Associations, Societies, etc. in collaboration with the Department.

Is there any established Fish Sanctuary at present?

Yes. Rombaggre Fish Sanctuary in West Garo Hills and Nongbareh Fish Sanctuary at Jaintia Hills.

Does the Department have an established Training Institute for The Fish Farmers?

Yes. Recently a Training Institute Known as Meghalaya State Fisheries Research & Training Institute, (MSFRTI), has been established at Mawpun Ri-Bhoi District.

How many Fish Farmers in a month will be trained in a recently inaugurated training centre at Mawpun?

Presently 2 (two) batches comprising of 40 (forty) fish farmers per batch will be trained per month. The number of batches will be increased after 3-4 months.

Who are the Resource Persons for imparting Training?

The Departmental Officials are the main Resource Persons. However, other experts from ICAR Umiam, St. Anthony’s College Shillong are being invited as Resource Persons for certain specific subjects depending on their Field of Specialization.

Is there any other Institute where Fish Farmers are being sent for training?

Yes. Some Fish Farmers are also being trained at NIRD Guwahati and for specialised course like Hatcheries, Induced Breeding Technique etc. they are being trained at CIFA Bhubaneshwar and other reputed Institutions of the country.

Is there any programme for Skill Development of Departmental Officials?

Yes. Departmental Officials are being sent to Various Institutes both within the country and outside for Skill upgradation.

If someone wishes to construct a pond, what will be the approach?

First he/she has to register in the respective District/Divisional Office of the Fishery Department. The Departmental Officers will explain about the procedure for obtaining Govt. assistance.

Besides Pond construction, hatcheries, sanctuaries, are there any other new activities to be covered under MSAM?

Yes. Other emerging opportunities like Ornamental/Aquarium Fisheries, Trout Farming, Introduction of Freshwater Prawn culture, Introduction of new Table species, Aqua tourism/Aqua parks/Sport fisheries will be taken up.

Out of some activities mentioned under Mini Mission VI of the MSAM document, how many have been taken up till date?

Presently some projects under Aqua Parks have been initiated viz. Ja-Ud Aqua Parks under EKH is under progress. Other projects like Kiew Irat Aqua Park at RBD, Phut Ja-Ud SWKH, Changa Benga under Betasing Block, South West Garo Hills, etc. are under consideration.

Besides, introduction of Trout Farming in selective areas of the state in collaboration with GIZ from Germany is under examination.

Who is the authority implementing the MSAM Scheme?

All schemes of the MSAM are being implemented by Fish Farmer Development Agency, (FFDA).

What is the present Strength of FFDA?

FFDA is manned by the Director of Fisheries-cum-Chief Executive Officer, FFDA, assisted by Dy. CEO FFDA, Programme Managers, Account Assistant, Web Developer and a few interns.

Which are the sources of funding of MSAM?

MSAM is being funded through State Plan Schemes, Centrally sponsored Schemes, Central Sector Schemes, NFDB, SPA, RKVY etc.

Has any system been evolved to counter check the implementation of Schemes in the Field?

Yes. All schemes implemented in the field are being verified by the Programme Managers so as to ensure quality and implementation as per norms and specifications.

Is there any Review on the implementation of Schemes?

Yes. Review meeting Chaired by the Principal Secretary, Fishery Department is being held once in every 2 (two) months.

What will be the system of accountability in monitoring the utilising of funds, scheme implementation of MSAM?

In addition to field verification by the Programme Managers, implementation of the schemes are being monitored by the high Officials of the Department. Other steps like involving social audits will be initiated. Auditing in utilising of funds will be through engagement of Charter Accountant, as well as auditing by the Office of the Accountant General.

Why only fish pond of 0.1 Ha. are assisted while bigger ponds are left out?

Presently only smaller ponds of 0.1 Ha are under consideration. When the lists of 0.1 Ha are exhausted the bigger ponds above 0.1 Ha will be considered. This will be done in a phase wise manner.

What will be the optimum area eligible for assistance in respect of individual ponds?

Assistance will be up to the maximum of 1 Ha water area.

Any publication on success stories achieved by the progressive fish farmers been published by the Department?

Yes. Success stories from time to time are uploaded in the MSAM Website (

Has the Govt. taken any steps to prevent the assisted beneficiaries to organise Angling Competitions in their ponds?

This issue is being examined.

If angling competition is allowed, the objective of the whole Mission is self-defeating. Please comments.

Angling competitions has its own merits and demerits. In one hand that pond’s owner earns money through direct entry fees, while in other hand such activities affects fish production. The issue will be thoroughly examined.

Random killing of fish by dynamiting, poisoning, etc is going on in the rivers, streams, etc. What steps will the Government take to counter such menace?

Such menace can be counter-checked by join efforts between the local communities, NGOs, SHGs, etc with the Department. Awareness Programme, seminars, workshops, etc will be organised by the Department to create awareness on the preservation of our Aqua Biodiversity. Fishery act to penalise the offenders will be enacted.

How will the Meghalaya State Aquaculture Mission be implemented?

The Mission will be implemented through the Fish Farmer Development Agency (FFDA).

What is the present fish production in Meghalaya and specify sources of such production?

Fish production is 5000 MT (approx) and the production comes from both capture (rivers, streams, lakes, bheels, etc) and culture fisheries (ponds, tanks, etc).

What is the annual target of fish production to be achieved through the introduction of Meghalaya State Aquaculture Mission?

23,000 MT

What are the major objectives of MSAM?

The MSAM has the following major objectives:

> Development of existing water bodies and creation of additional water area for large scale fish production, including reclamation/ rehabilitation of marshy and swampy lands,

> Conservation of native, endangered and traditional species of Meghalaya and developing breeding farms of commercially potential species on a large scale,

> Creation of mass awareness, capacity building, exposure training and skill development of all the stakeholders and technical support for long term sustainability of fishery sector,

> Capturing emerging opportunities in the fisheries sector.

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What is the central focus of the Meghalaya State Aquaculture Mission?

Enhancement of fish production in the State to fill the wide and growing gap between demand and supply.

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What are the main programmes of the MSAM with regards to the improvement of the socio-economic conditions of the rural people?

Assistance for construction of individual ponds, community ponds, capacity building and human resources development.

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What are the norms/financial assistance for construction of an individual pond?

For an individual pond of 0.1 ha the unit cost is Rs. 90,339. Out of which the subsidy will be @ 60% i.e. Rs. 54,239, Bank loan @ 25% i.e. Rs. 22,500 and own contribution @ 15% i.e. Rs. 13,899.

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What is the annual fish production from 0.1 ha pond?

250 kg to 300 kg annually subject to the fact that technical aspects like pre- stocking and post- stocking management are strictly followed by the farmers.

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How will the farmers know about the management programme of fish farming?

Training by the Department will be imparted to all the beneficiaries.

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How many individual ponds will be constructed in a span of five years?

1,00,000 numbers covering a water area of 10,000 hectares

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Will the construction of so many fish ponds affect the cultivable areas with respect to agriculture?

Care will be taken that land unfit for agriculture will be selected. However, the final decision depends on the farmers who would naturally opt for activities which will give him a higher return.

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What is the procedure for the selection of beneficiaries?

Wide publicity of the scheme will be advertised in the local newspapers. The applications will then be scrutinized by the Department followed by spot inspection of the projects by the technical officials of the Department. Feasible projects will be placed in the District Aquaculture Mission Committee (DAMC) who would make that recommendation. The DAMC is headed by the respective Deputy Commissioners of each district as the Chairman with other members notified by the Government. After being selected, the training will be imparted to the beneficiaries followed by construction of fish ponds, released of financial assistance, etc.

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Will the Community be assisted for pond construction?

Yes, Community Pond will also be created. A total of 500 ha will be developed in 5 (five) years period. The minimum area for Community pond eligible for assistance is 0.5 ha @ Rs. 2.5 lakhs each of which 60 % i.e. Rs. 1.5 lakhs is subsidy and the balance of 40 % i.e. Rs. 1 lakhs is community’s contribution in terms of labour.

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What are the norms for development/reclamation of marshy, swampy and bheels in the State?

500 hectares of swampy, marshy and bheels will be developed in a span of 5 (five) years. The unit cost is @ of Rs. 4.40 lakhs per hectare where 40% will be contributed by the community and 60% will be provided by the Government in the form of assistance.

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Will the Department enhance production from the reservoirs, lakes, etc?

Yes, stocking of fingerlings will be done in reservoirs, lakes and other feasible smaller water bodies to enhance fish production in the State.

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How will the Department tackle the shortage of Fish Seeds?

In order to meet the requirement of Fish Seeds, 14 (fourteen) Fish Seed Hatcheries will be created in the private sectors. These hatcheries will have the capacity to produce 24 lakhs seeds annually. In addition, 77 Fabricated Reinforce Plastic (FRP) hatcheries with a capacity to produce 10 lakhs Fish Seed each will be established during the 5 (five) years period. Further, the Departmental farms will also be upgraded to supplement Fish Seed Production.

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What are the norms for assistance of Fish Seed hatcheries?

The unit cost for establishment of Fish Seed Hatcheries is Rs. 16 lakhs each. Out of which subsidy will be provided at 60% i.e. Rs. 9,60,000/-, 25% Bank loan i.e. Rs. 4 lakhs and 15% own contribution i.e. Rs. 2,40,000/-.

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What are the norms for assistance for FRP?

The unit cost of 1 (one) FRP is Rs. 1,58,025/- per hatchery of which subsidy will be 60% i.e. Rs. 94,800/-, 25% will be credit linkage with MCAB i.e. Rs. 39,500/- and 15% own contribution of the partners, i.e. Rs. 23,700/-.

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How will the Department solve the problem of providing Fish Feed to the fish farmer?

7 (seven) Fish Feed Mill will be set up through the entrepreneurs in a span of 5 (five) years for production of fish feed. The unit cost of each Fish Feed Mill is Rs. 18 lakhs in which 60% will be provided a subsidy, 25% as Bank loan and 15% own contribution.

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Will there be any provision for testing of fish disease?

Yes, 2 (two) laboratories 1(one) in Khasi Hills and 1(one) in Garo Hills will be established at a total cost of Rs. 70 lakhs including the operational expenditure. The centres will provide the diagnostics services and the cost of medicines will have to be borne by the farmers utilizing the services.

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Why is it important to Conserve Mahaseer?

Conservation of Mahaseer is important because of the following reasons:-

> The species indigenous to the state are the wealth of the state and they require to be preserved for posterity.

> They are also highly valuable food fish.

> They form a source of livelihood for many fishers.

> They offer a great potential as sport fish for promotion of Aqua-tourism.

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What are the the causes of reduction of Mahaseer population in Meghalaya State?

The causes of reduction of Mahaseer population in Meghalaya State are due to the following reasons:-

> Mass killing of brood fish and juveniles by the use of dynamite, bleaching powder, pesticides, local herbs, electric current and other destructive methods.

> Destruction of breeding ground, which have been replaced by large builders, debris, silt, river pollution.

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What is the need of the development of sanctuaries by MSAM?

The Sanctuaries to be created under the Mission will be for conservation of mahaseer and other indigenous and endemic species of the state.

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What are the objectives of MSAM by creating of sanctuaries?

The objectives of MSAM by creating of sanctuaries will be for:

> Enhancing and preserving aquatic biodiversity.

> Provide breeding and feeding grounds, protect the species from genetic pollution.

> Increasing the abundance of threatened fish species.

> Restoration of the diminishing stock and meet the expectation of the people of the state.

> Sanctuaries are known to attract tourists which will eventually benefit the rural people and improve their livelihood conditions through the visits of the tourists to these sanctuaries.

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Why is it important to organize workshop in the village?

Organising workshop in the rural areas is very important for conserving the biodiversity in general and aquatic life in particular. This would enrich the knowledge, understanding of the rural folks on the importance of taking up conservation programme in river/streams etc. within their respective villages.

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What are the components of Media Campaign specific to conservation by MSAM?

The following are the component of Media Campaign specific to conservation by MSAM:-

> Public Meetings

> Poster Campaigns

> Slogans

>Distribution of pamphlets/leaflets

> Advertisement/Press released

> Press conference

> Press Conducted Tours

> Radio Broadcasting

> Telecast through TV

> Competitions for School Children

> Onstage/Live Campaigns

> Newsletters

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Who will conduct the survey for identifying the endangered species under MSAM?

Programme Managers in collaboration with the respective DEOs of the Department will be utilised for this purpose. Initially, locations of the rivers, streams, etc. where surveys for identification of the endangered species.

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How do programme managers and DEOs conduct their surveys?

Firstly they should get the permission from the local headman, Sirdar, Nokma etc. before they conduct the survey. An awareness programme with the village authorities to brief them of the purpose of the survey will be conducted and the service of the local guides will be utilised. Sample netting of the available stock will be done by using fishing craft and gears.

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Do you think that the MSAM would take the help from other institution to convince the people in the state about the conservation programme?

Yes, MSAM will invite different institution such as Directorate of Cold Water Fisheries Research, Bhimtal, CIFA, NFDB, ICAR, CIFRI, CIFT. These will take part as an expert to contribute their knowledge and skill to make the people, understand on the importance of taking up conservation programme in rivers/streams etc. within their respective villages.

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Which sites are suitable for construction of sanctuaries?

Creation of fish sanctuaries will be in the deepest parts of the river having pockets of water pools, less probability of siltation, free from human interference, poaching, etc. If necessary, small artificial dams/mini barrage will be constructed to raise the water level where such programmes are proposed to be developed.

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How do the government protect these sanctuaries?

The River Guards of the state Department of Fisheries will be deployed to protect these sanctuaries all time of the year wherever necessary. Otherwise, it is expected that the villagers themselves will provide for the upkeep and maintenance of these sanctuaries. In addition, local youths will also be deployed to act as watch and ward at strategically important sites, breeding pockets and confluences during the breeding or migration season of the fish. It is important to put a halt to the large scale killing during the migratory journey of the species, failing which all efforts to conserve the species would be in vain.

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How much money does the MSAM can provide for the construction of sanctuaries?

Investment on the creation of sanctuary viz. procurement of fish seeds, construction of watch towers, constructions of barrage, approach roads, camping tents and other equipments will be made through the Mission. On completion, these sanctuaries will be handed over to the interested NGOs/Self Help Groups/Communities etc. for management who would run them in conformity with conditions laid down by the Department.

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Why there is a need of capacity building and human resource development in the Aquaculture Mission?

The reason is because Capacity building strengthens the skills, competencies and abilities of the stakeholders so they can perform their tasks effectively. It also helps in creating/strengthening the training infrastructure. The successful execution of the various components of the Aquaculture Mission will call for systematic building of the competencies of various stakeholders to the required degree.

For smooth functioning, the Mission intends to enhance the capacities of human resources for aquaculture practices, viz., efficient management of hatcheries, fish seed production, ornamental fishery, fish production in ponds and tanks, disease management, fish feed production, processing and marketing of fish, etc.

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To what level capacity building takes place?

Capacity building can take place at an individual level, institutional level and at the societal level.

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Whom to consider for capacity building at the individual level?

At the individual level, there are two categories of people to be considered for capacity building, viz., Departmental officials and fish farmers.

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Why capacity building of the officials is very critical?

The capacity building of the officials is very critical for the successful implementation of the Mission. The officials will have to be provided technical training relating to modern aquaculture practices and emerging technologies so they become abreast with the recent advances in the fisheries sector. They will also be exposed to national level fisheries institutes in the country.

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What are the means to build/enhance the capacities at the societal or community level?

At the societal or community level, the best way to build/enhance the capacities is through:

> Mass mobilization campaign to make the people aware of the components of the Mission,

> Orientation programmes for the potential fish farmers (registered farmers during the mobilization campaign) for initiating them into the Mission and

> Orientation workshops for the farmers/village communities desirous of creating fish sanctuaries.

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Apart from the Departmental Officials, is there any training and exposure visit for the fish farmers?

Yes. The fish farmers under the Mission will be provided training on the technologies to be adopted by them and they also will be exposed to technologies developed by the national institutes through exposure visits.

> The farmers will be provided intensive training on the following topics:

> Intensive Aquaculture in ponds and tanks - CIFA, Bhubaneshwar

Hatchery management - CIFRI, Barrackpore and such other institutions

The farmers will be taken for an All India exposure trip covering institutions such as NRC for Cold water fisheries at Bhimtal, CIFRI, Barrackpur, CIFA, Bhubaneswar, CIFT, Cochin and also aquaculture farms, feed mills and hatcheries in Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Kerala.

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Is there any capacity building of Fishery Co-operative Societies?

Yes. In order to strengthen the Fishery Co-operative Societies in the State, the members of Fishery Co-operative Societies will be imparted training on Intensive Aquaculture, Ornamental Culture and Installation of FRP hatcheries at CIFA, Bhubaneswar. They will also be taken for All India exposure visits to expose them to the recent developments and technologies related to the fisheries sector.

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What are the initiative steps taken by the Mission (Government) to develop Entrepreneurship in the fisheries sector (Fishpreneurship development)?

The Mission will address the entrepreneurial talents successfully to tap the potential of fisheries. An attempt will be made for the mass production of such talents through organizing Entrepreneurship development programmes (EDP). Entrepreneurs in the following areas will be developed by the Mission:

1. Private economically viable fingerling producers- They will be imparted skills to produce and market fingerlings. They will be given training in the areas as below:

> Techniques of producing quality fish seeds (fingerlings)

> Operation and management of FRP hatcheries- fish breeding in field conditions, management and spawn production

> Management of nursery ponds, rearing ponds, stocking tanks, brood stock tanks, etc

> Practical tips on marketing, running small enterprise, availing credit and cash management.

2. Private aquarium entrepreneurs -

> Culture and breeding of ornamental fish

> Setting of aquarium tanks

> Practical tips on running small enterprise, credit and cash management, marketing.

3. Private feed producers -

> Importance of quality feeds

> Components of fish feed- Feed compounders

> Formulation of good quality feeds

> Pelleted feeds- Floating pellets and sinking pellets

> Feeding method

> Feed storage

> Feed manufacturing equipments

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What are the means taken by the Mission to train Fish Farmer?

The Mission proposes to establish seven training centres with adequate facilities for training. Availing the services of training institutions in Meghalaya like St. Anthony’s College, CAU, Barapani, NEHR of ICAR, KVKs and Fisheries College, Tripura, Fisheries College, Jorhat and NERC of NIRD at Guwahati to support the trainings are envisaged to foster the capacity building at various levels and for diverse activities.

The Mission proposes to create a training team of three members (two technical specialists and one soft skills expert) at the headquarters to facilitate and execute custom-designed training programmes for the various stakeholders. A mobile training team will also be developed consisting of six members, whose services can be availed by the districts for organizing district level workshops and training programmes. The training team at the headquarters will also co-ordinate “Train on-line”, a web based series of interactive lessons covering the various components of the Aquaculture Mission. The Mission will also develop a team of Master Trainers at the district level through Trainers training programme to cater to the needs of district level trainings./p>

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What form of incentive will the Mission give to the innovative Fish Farmers, departmental officers, etc that has contributed towards fishery development in the state?

To recognize the contribution of innovative fish farmers/communities/co-operatives societies etc. towards fishery development in the state and to motivate others to get involved in the programme, incentive in the form of awards will be included as one of the components under the Mission. The criteria of selection will be based on the contribution of the fish farmers in enhancing productivity, new initiatives, innovative management strategies, commitment towards work, additional income obtained from fish farming activities, etc. Incentives towards the Departmental Officers/Programme Managers etc. involved in the implementation of the State Aquaculture Mission will also be considered.

The awards shall be presented annually on the launching day of the Meghalaya State Aquaculture Mission in the form of either cash or kind equivalent.

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What do we understand by mass media campaign?

Mass media campaign refers to the use of all media technologies in a concerted manner, so the department/agencies relay information to people at large. Mass media play a significant role in the mobilisation of public perceptions on a variety of important issues, both through the information that is dispensed, and the interpretations they place upon this information. Mass media helps in the process of transferring or transmitting a message to a large group of people.

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Why Mass Mobilization Campaigns are necessary in the Aquaculture Mission?

Mass Mobilization Campaigns are necessary because through these the Aquaculture Mission will mobilise the public perception in order to successfully publicise the goals, objectives and various technical and financial supporting programmes under the Mission and their likely impact on socio-economic welfare of the rural people, the target section of the Mission. In order to create public awareness, the mass media campaign would be used intensively by the Aquaculture Mission to sensitise people toward the fisheries sector. This would cover scientific workshops and seminars, public meetings, press releases on mission’s objectives published in Khasi, Garo and English news papers, success stories as also documentary films telecast by electronic media, etc.

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What are the publicity strategy that the Mission intends to mobilize people about the State Aquaculture Mission, its goals and various activities?

The Mission will publicize its goals and various activities through Mass Media Campaigns or Mass Communication on the basis of i). Print media eg. newspapers, magazines and journals and ii). Electronic (Audio/ Visual) media eg. Radio, Television and the Web.

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What are the outreach programmes for Mass mobilization?

The outreach programmes for mass mobilization include competitions for school children, fish Melas/Exhibitions, Poster campaigns, Onstage/Live campaign (dramas, street plays, songs and slogans).

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What are the other important components of the mass mobilization campaign?

Documentation of the proceedings of workshops/seminars, goals and activities, technical components of the programmes, success stories of the Mission, media coverage, content notes, convergence notes and annual reports are the other important components of the mass mobilization campaign.

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What are the emerging opportunities in the Fisheries sector?

Under the mission, new opportunities emerging in the Fisheries sector has been visualized such as:

> ornamental fisheries

> trout farming

> Introduction of freshwater prawn culture

> Introduction of new Table species and new culture practices like polyculture of Chital with Tilapia, polyculture of Puntius sarana with Carp, polyculture of Labeo gonius with Carp and also the culture of Magur (C.batrachus)

> Aqua Tourism/Aqua Park/Sport Fisheries

All these new opportunities emerging in the Fisheries sector are of great potential and hence will be tapped by the Mission addressing them with scientific backstopping for further exploration.

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What is an aquarium? What are ornamental or aquarium fishes? Highlight their importance?

An aquarium is nothing but a container (normally rectangular) which displays the aquatic organisms in a stimulated natural environment maintained to some extent by introducing aquatic plants, rocks, gravel, artificial decorative, etc.

The varied forms and fascinating beauty of those fishes which have been attracting the people from time immemorial are known as ornamental fishes.

Importance of Ornamental Fish

> Used as decoration in house, hotels, public parks and places of tourist interest.

> To enlighten and educate students about the behavior of aquatic animals.

> Treated as an item of hobby.

> Used as part-time business or as full-time self-employment.

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As fish is a highly perishable commodity, will there be any provision for its marketing?

The Superintendent of Fisheries will identify the existing fish market for upgradation and modernization and also for construction of new markets. In respect of new markets, they will have to negotiate with the Syiem/Nokmas/District Councils etc for providing land free of cost for the establishment of the market. Besides sale outlets in the selected centres of the Districts will be set up and provision for sale of fish in the rural market through refrigerated vans will be introduced.

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What steps will be taken to create Post Harvest Infrastructure?

Three types of units will be established to handle surplus of fish viz, establishment of fish smoke units, dry fish fermentation, establishment of MEGFISH unit.

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Will the Fishery and Multi-Purpose-Cooperative Societies be involved in the activities of the MSAM?

The MSAM aims at strengthening the well performing FCS and MPCS by involving them in various activities of the Mission.

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What is the total investment required for implementing the various components of the MSAM?

The total investment for implementing the various components of the Mission has been tentatively worked out to Rs. 1200 crores, out of which the funds required from the Government/Agencies of the Government in the form of assistance would be Rs. 800 crores.

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What are the other sources for financing the MSAM?

A substantial share will be mobilized from different sources such as RKVY, NFDB, NEC, SPA, NCDC, State Plan and various schemes under the Central Ministries.

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What is the Organizational set up of FFDA?

The Fish Farmers’ Development Agency is an autonomous body created for the implementation of the Mission. The Minister (i/c. Fisheries) is the Chairman of the Agency. It will have a two-tier system of the organizational structure, one at the State level and other at the district level. The Director, Fisheries is the Chief Executive Officer (DyCEO) in all technical as well as administrative matters.

At the District level, the Superintendent of Fisheries will function as the District Executive Officers (DEO) of the FFDA, who will be responsible for the implementation of the programmes of the Mission. Two levels of the contractual employees will assist the DEO in addition to the Fishery Department’s Officers viz., the Sub-Divisional Fishery Officers, Fishery Demonstrators, etc. the Programme Managers (PM), recruited on contract basis from B.F.Sc/B.Sc. (Pisciculture) graduates will assist the DEOs in implementing and monitoring the State Aquaculture Mission.

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Will MIS be introduced for the MSAM? And if yes, what are the issues to be addressed?

Yes, MIS will be introduced and it will address the following issues:-

i) Registration of beneficiaries ii) Financial data iii) Reports iv) Management decision v) Software Design Specifications for the MSAM.

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